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Hostile Work Environment

Hostile Work Environment

What is a Hostile Work Environment?
A hostile work environment refers to an unstable or sometimes even dangerous work setting. In most cases, a hostile work environment exists when an employee experiences habitual workplace harassment at the hands of his or her co-workers or boss. The harassment becomes so debilitating that the victim fears going to work because of the oppressive, hostile or intimidating atmosphere spawned by the aggressors. A hostile work environment, as somewhat of a broad term, may also be defined as when an employer, boss or manager engages in a manner designed to make the employee quit or perform his or her job function in a poor manner. 
Examples of Workplace Harassment:
Suppose an employee reports a safety violation while at work. The report is unheard and promptly sparks an injury. In response, the employee attempts to join a union where he or she can actively complain to upper level management about the problem at work. Following this, the company’s response is to put pressure on the employee so that he or she quits and ceases the whistleblowing actions. In this situation, the employee, in essence, frames or blackmails the employee by writing him or her up for work violations that weren’t’ broken, by reducing the employee’s hours or increasing them to impede productivity or to create conflicts with the employees out-of-work schedule.
Other ways to essentially force an employee’s hand through workplace harassment include the following: reduce the employee’s salary without merit, adjust his or her responsibilities to either underwhelm or overwhelm the individual, start rumors about the employee to create a rift among his or her co-workers, or perpetually make comments about the employee’s appearance or skill set. In essence, any reaction that prompts a company to create a hostile work environment is instituted to protect the company’s best interests or to disqualify the individual from receiving unemployment compensation.
Laws against Workplace Harassment:

Laws protecting against workplace harassment are instituted as anti-discrimination statutes. These regulations govern are; however, not a civility code. As a result, federal laws will not prohibit simple harassment, such as teasing, isolated incidents, offhand comments, or any remarks that are not extremely serious. Workplace harassment, as a broad term, will be enforced to the fullest extent if the conduct attached is objectively offensive to the point where it alters the conditions of the individual’s employment. These situations arise only if the workplace harassment culminates in a tangible employment action or is sufficiently severe to create a hostile workplace. 

Overview of a Contract of Employment

Overview of a Contract of Employment

What is the Contract of Employment?
The contract of employment is a fundamental type of contract used in labor law to elucidate upon the rights and responsibilities of an employee and his or her relationship with their underlying employer. In a general sense, the contract of employment affirms a relationship of economic dependence and social adherence in regards to appropriate workplace behavior. The contract of employment is a legally binding agreement, made between the employer and the hired employee. It states the intricacies of the specific employment and the particular rules that would necessitate a termination. 
The contract of employment establishes the terms of the employment relationship; it legally upholds and indicates the employees pay, the expected responsibilities and duties that the employee must satisfy, the appropriate dress code of the office, the amount of sick/vacation days the employee is given and in general, a conduct policy that the employee must abide by. Furthermore, the contract of employment will also detail the rights awarded to the employee and will illustrate upon the punishments, such as termination, if the policy or employment contract, is breached in any way. 
The contract of employment is typically enforced so long as the terms are not egregious; outlandish policies refer to any instance that violates worker-protection legislation. In summation, the employment contract will dictate aspects of the behavior of both the employee and his or her employer. 
Information regarding a Breach of the Contract:
A contract of employment breach is a situation where either the employee or the underlying employer, fails to comply with the provisions found in the agreement. All employment contracts are legally binding agreements that govern the relationship between the two parties; if either party fails in fulfilling the terms of the agreement, a breach has occurred. 
The penalties of a breach will vary, depending on the severity of the violation. For instance, if an employee is habitually late and tardiness is not tolerated in the contract of employment, the employee may be terminated. In a more severe case, if the employee was partaking in an illegal activity, such as insider trading, the employer may seek a legal remedy through the state’s court system. 
In the majority of countries a contract of employment breach will apply to both the implied and expressed provisions of the agreement; such a stipulation makes it necessary for both parties to adhere to the terms of the employment contract, along with any governmental regulations that apply to the employment.